Start Date
Place
Notes
Source
1938
US
Eugene Power a 1930 M.B.A. graduate of the
University of Michigan, founded the company as
University Microfilms in 1938, preserving works
from the British Museum on microfilm. In his
autobiography Edition of One, Power details the
development of the company, including how
University Microfilms assisted the OSS during
World War II. [1] This work mainly involved filming
maps and European newspapers so they could
be shipped back and forth overseas more
cheaply and discreetly.Power also noticed a
niche market in dissertations publishing.
Students were often forced to publish their own
works in order to finish their doctoral degree.
Dissertations could be published more cheaply
as microfilm than as books. ProQuest still
publishes so many dissertations that its
Dissertations and Theses collection (formerly
called Digital Dissertations) has been declared
the official U.S. off-site repository of the Library of
Congress.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
1967
US
Xerox's DATRIX is first commercial service to
search database of over 120,000 dissertation
citations.
http://www.caslon.com September 2006
1969
US
Dialog, an online database provider, is launched
in Palo Alto, Calif., by Lockheed Corp with a
single database. By 1982 it grows to 200
databases containing over 70 million records.
http://Iml.jou.ufl.edu/CARLSON June 2007
1970
US
As the dissertations market grew he [University
Microfilms] company expanded into filming
newspapers and periodicals. The company's
main newspaper database is ProQuest
NewsStand. Xerox owned the company for a
time in the 1970s and 1980sand it was later
bought by Bell & Howell. The name of the
company changed several times in this period,
from University Microfilms to Xerox University
Microfilms, to University Microfilms International
and then shortened to UMI.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
1973
US
Mead Data Central introduces Lexis and NAARS
services. "LEXIS provides the full text of Ohio
and New York codes and cases, the U.S. code,
and some federal case law. NAARS is the
National Automated Accounting Research
Service, a tax database from the American
Institute of Certified Public Accountants."
http://www.historyofscience.com
/G2I/timeline/index.php?era=1970 June 2007
1973
US
New York Times Information Bank becomes
publicly available.
http://www.caslon.com October 2006
1980
US
In the 1980s, UMI began producing CD-ROMs
that stored databases of periodicals abstracts
and indexes. At a time when modem connections
were slow and expensive, it was more efficient to
mail database CD-ROMs regularly to subscribing
libraries, who installed the discs on dedicated
PCs. The ProQuest brand name was first used
for databases on CD-ROM. An online service
called ProQuest Direct was launched in 1995; its
name was later shortened to just proQuest. The
bibliographic databases are mainly sold to
schools, universities and libraries.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
1998
US
In 1998 ProQuest announced the "Digital Vault
Initiative", purported to include 5.5 billion images
digitized from UMI microfilm, including some of
the best existing copies of major newspapers
dating back 100 to 150 years, and Early English
books dating back to the 15th century. While
work continues to digitize the contents of the
microfilm vault, ProQuest is already providing
navigation of 125 billion digital pages, including
nearly 20 million pages of newspaper content
dating from pre-Revolutionary War America.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
1999
US
In 1999, the company [ProQuest] name changed
to Bell & Howell Information and Learning, and
then in 2001 to ProQuest Information and
Learning.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
2004
US
ProQuest Information and Learning acquired
Seattle start-up Serials Solutions, a venture
providing access management and search
services for content hosted by other companies,
in 2004. Also in 2004, ProQuest Information and
Learning acquired Copley Publishing Group.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
2005
Netherlands
For example, Elsevier, which publishes 250,000
articles a year in 2,000 journals and maintains an
archive of seven million publications, saw profits
rise by 10 per cent from 2005 to 2006 to nearly
$3 billion.
http://www.thestar.com/living/article/846033--
canadian-librarian-leads-worldwide-digital-
revolt-for-free-knowledge?bn=1 August 2006
2006
US
ProQuest Company, then the parent company of
ProQuest Information and Learning, sold it to
Cambridge Information Group in 2006. ProQuest
Information and Learning was merged with CSA
in 2007 to form Proquest CSA. Later that year it
was renamed ProQuest LLC.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
2008
US
In 2008, Proquest acquired Dialog, a major
online database firm, from Thomson Reuters.
http://wapedia.mobi/en/ProQuest#1.October
2010
Commercial Databases
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