Start Date
Place
Notes
Source
1820
US
As early as the 1820s, a news agency, the
Association of Morning Newspapers, was
formed in New York City to gather incoming
reports from Europe.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1832
France
In Paris the Havas bureau had existed since
1832, founded like Reuters as a pigeon service;
Charles Havas' enterprise grew rapidly in the
following decades, though it remained very much
in the pocket of the French government.
Smith, Newspaper, P. 127-128
1835
France
A foreign newspapers translation agency, set up
by Charles-Louis Havas, became the Agence
Havas, the first worldwide news agency.
Timelines.ws August 2009
1835
France
The oldest news agency is Agence France-
Presse (AFP). It was founded in 1835 by a
Parisian translator and advertising agent,
Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/News_agency
February 2010
1848
US
The telegraph compelled newspapers to pool
their efforts in collecting and transmitting news. A
co-operative news service was worked out in
1848 between the Courier and Enquirer, Tribune,
Sun, Herald,, Express, and Journal of Commerce
which became the basis for the Associated
Press.
Innis, Bias, P. 168
1849
Germany
The Continental Telegraphen Compagnie of
Berlin known as the Wolf Agency (News Agency)
was formed.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1849
International
Julius Reuter's news agency uses homing
pigeons to bridge the Aachen/Brussels gap
between the German (Berlin-Aachen) and French
(Paris-Brussels) telegraph lines.
http://www.ciolek.com/GLOBAL/1800.html#1
800s August 2010
1853
Italy
In 1853, in Turin, Guglielmo Stefani founded the
Agenzia Stefani, that became the most important
agency in the Kingdom of Italy, and took
international relevance with Manlio Morgagni.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/News_agency
June 2010
1856
US
The General News Association -comprising
many important New York City papers, was
established.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1866
Europe
By 1866 national news agencies were forming in
several European countries.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
05 Nov 1866
US
When Daniel Craig was dismissed by the
Associated Press on November 5, 1866, and
organized a rival United States and Europe
Telegraph News Association with the support of
the Western Union Telegraph company which
absorbed the American Telegraph Company in
the same year, he was made general agent of
the Western Associated Press.
Innis, Bias, P. 176
11 Jan 1867
US
Control of the Western Associated Press over
internal domestic news compelled the two groups
to reach an agreement signed on January 11,
1867, which readmitted Western papers to the
Associated Press and arranged for an exchange
of news.
Innis, Bias, P. 176
1868
UK
The telegraph had brought an end to the London
papers' monopoly of national and especially
parliamentary, news, and in 1868, the Press
Association was founded as a limited company
by provincial papers to furnish them with the
same news as was available to the London
press.
Smith, Newspaper, P. 126
1870
US
The New York Associated Press (AP) a
cooperative news agency for the New York
papers selling copy to daily papers throughout
the country was formed. [1870s]
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1892
US
Associated Press of Illinois formed.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1893
US
Melville Stone, who had founded the Chicago
Daily News in 1875, served as AP General
Manager from 1893 to 1921. He embraced the
standards of accuracy, impartiality, and integrity
for which AP is still known.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_Pres
s June 2010
1896
US
The power of the Associated Press in facilitating
mobilization of the resources of the Republican
newspapers in a united front was evident in the
election of McKinley in 1896.
Innis, Bias, P. 178
1897
US
The development of afternoon and evening
papers in relation to the demands of labour
enabled the Scripps family to start numerous
papers and in 1897 to organize the Scripps-
McRae press association.
Innis, Bias, P. 181
1900
US
An Illinois Supreme Court decision (Inter Ocean
Publishing Co. v. Associated Press) in
1900—that the AP was a public utility and
operating in restraint of trade—resulted in AP’s
move from Chicago to New York City, where
corporation laws were more favorable to
cooperatives.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_Pres
s January 2010
1906
US
Excluded from the Associated Press chiefly
thorugh the efforts of Pulitzer, WIlliam Randolph
Hearst built up the International News Service.
Innis, Bias, P. 179
1906
US
William Randolph Hearst founded the
International News Service (INS) available to
publishers of other papers as well as his own.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
21 Jun 1907
US
Newspaper publisher Edward W. Scripps
(1854–1926) created the first chain of
newspapers in the United States. After the
Associated Press refused to sell its services to
several of his papers, Scripps together with
partner Milton A. McRae combined three regional
news services (the Publisher's Press Association,
Scripps McRae Press Association, and the
Scripps News Association) into the United Press
Associations, which began service on June 21,
1907. Scripps founded United Press on the
principle that there should be no restrictions on
who could buy news from a news service.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Press_Int
ernational May 2011
1915
Germany
The Germany government formed a news agency
called Transocean to transmit war propaganda.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1917
Canada
The Canadian Press (often abbreviated as CP),
known in French as La Presse Canadienne (PC),
is Canada's national news agency established in
1917 as a vehicle to permit Canadian
newspapers of the day to exchange their news
and information.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Press
1918
Russia
The USSR founded the Rosta News Agency.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1918
South America
Collapse of the German-subsidized Prensa
Associada in 1918 led to an active interest of the
Associated Press in South America.
Innis, Bias, P. 178
06 Apr 1920
Turkey
The Anadolu Agency (AA) (Turkish: Anadolu
Ajansi) is the Turkish state news agency
commissioned with producing news releases
pertaining to the country. The agency was set up
on April 6 1920 by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the
founder of the Turkish Republic during the Turkish
War of Independence, and is the biggest news
agency of Turkey.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anadolu_Agency
May 2011
1925
Russia
Rosta became TASS.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
1928
US
It is perhaps a tribute to the power of the
Associated Press that a Senate investigation in
1928 stated that Hearst's was 'a black record,
the blackest in American journalism, the most
gross abuse of the right of a free press in this or
any other country.'
Innis, Bias, P. 180
1933
US
Radio stations fight back with their own
correspondents. UP and INS keep the radio
service
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2009
1933
US
U.S. newspapers pressure AP to cut service to
radio, start "Press-Radio War." [Note: Radios
are moving beyond entertainment and into news -
and cutting into newspaper profits. - SM]
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2007
1935
Australia
Australian Associated Press (AAP) is Australia's
national news agency. The organisation was
established in 1935 by Fairfax and The Herald
and Weekly Times.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Assoc
iated_Press June 2010
13 Dec 1937
Indonesia
ANTARA is the official news agency of the
government of Indonesia. It was founded on
December 13, 1937 by Adam Malik,
Soemanang, AM Sipahoetar and Pandoe
Kartawigoena. It became the country's news
agency in 1962.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antara_(news_ag
ency) June 2010
1945
US
A Superior Court decision ended the exclusion of
[News Agencies'] members' competitors.
New Columbia Encyclopedia
15 Jan 1945
Italy
The Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata was
founded on 15 January 1945, and it is based in
Rome.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agenzia_Naziona
le_Stampa_Associata June 2010
1950
Italy
The Agenzia Giornalistica Italia was founded in
1950 and is one of the main Italian news
agencies. It is controlled by the Eni.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agenzia_Giornali
stica_Italia June 2010
24 May 1958
US
Frank Bartholomew, UPI's last reporter-president,
took over in 1955, obsessed with bringing
Hearst's International News Service (INS) into
UP. He put the "I" in UPI on May 24, 1958, when
UP and INS merged to become United Press
International.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Press_Int
ernational June 2010
06 Nov 1981
International
Twenty-three news agencies from 19 countries
establish the Asia-Pacific News Network. The
network's aim is to manage the flow of news to
and from the member countries. Western
reporters have expressed fears that the network
will impose a form of censorship on the press.
Meltzer and Aronson, The Eighties
1996
Canada
Canadian Press (CP), Canada's principal news
agency, was owned co-operatively in 1996 by 89
daily newspapers - down from 109 in 1986 - and
operates as a non-profit organization. In addition
to providing members with a continual supply of
domestic and foreign news, CP sells its service
to private broadcasters through Broadcast News
Ltd. and provides news to CBC through another
subsidiary, Press News Ltd. It also sells a
computerized data file to non-media
organizations and offers a photo service. A
French-language service was inaugurated in
1951 and now serves 11 papers.
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com
August 2010
1999
US
UPI's end as a truly viable news service occurred
in 1999 when its remaining contracts were sold
to its one-time rival - AP
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Press_Int
ernational June 2010
News Agencies Timeline
Created with Timeline Maker Professional. Produced on 29 Feb 2012.