Start Date
Place
Notes
Source
1555
Italy
One essential element of the cinema is the idea
of projection. The line that leads to projection
begins with Della Porta, an Italian, who puts a
lens on the front of the earliest camera - a simple
box. An image was produced on a glass screen
set in the back wall of the box. Della Porta made
this device in 1555.
Media Studies Reader, P. 787
1649
Germany
Athanasius Kircher produced a magic lantern
that projected an image on a screen.
Media Studies Reader, P. 787
07 Mar 1765
France
Joseph N. Niepce (d.1883), French lithographer,
inventor (photography), was born. Photo etching
was invented by Joseph Nicephore Niepce early
in the 19th century. He also invented
photography. His partner, L.J.M. Daguerre,
perfected Niepce's process and popularized
daguerreotypes as the first commercial
photographs.
http://Timelines.ws September 2008
1800
France
Starting in France, silhouettes are popular;
decline when photography arrives.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu July 2007
1807
UK
The Camera Lucida was an apparatus for
drawing and copying, patented in 1807 by
William Hyde Wollaston, a well-known man of
science.
Oxford Dictionary of Art
1816
France
In France Joseph N. Niepce developed the first
photographic negative. His earliest recorded
image, an 1825 print of a man leading a horse,
sold for $443,220 in 2002.
http://timelines.ws October 2008
1821
US
The first electronically-transmitted photograph is
sent by Western Union. The idea for a facsimile
transmission was first proposed by Scottish
clockmaker Alexander Bain in 1843.
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA99/grogan/thes
is/Timeline2.html August 2010
1827
France
Joseph Niepce, French inventor, met with English
botanist Francis Bauer, who agreed to present
Niepce's ground breaking photographic work to
the Royal Society, which rejected the bid. Before
leaving London Niepce made a gift of his 1826
pewter image to Bauer. The pewter image was
re-discovered in 1952 by photo historian Helmut
Gernsheim.
http://timelines.ws September 2008
1828
France
In France Louis Daguerre contacted Joseph
Niepce with an offer to work together on the
photographic process that Niepce had
developed.
http://timelines.ws October 2008
14 Dec 1829
France
In France Joseph Niepce signed a 10-year
partnership agreement with Louis Daguerre to
perfect a new photographic imaging process
discovered by Niepce.
http://timelines.ws September 2008
02 Jan 1839
France
French photographic pioneer Louis Jacques
Mande Daguerre took the first photograph of the
moon. Soon after his first photograph of people
was a shoeshine scene on a Paris boulevard.
http://timelines.ws September 2008
09 Jan 1839
France
The Daguerreotype photo process was
announced at the French Academy of Science.
Louis Daguerre had the influential astronomer
Dominique-Francois-Argo make an
announcement at the Academy of Sciences in
Paris of the daguerreotype, a photographic
process using fumes of iodine to sensitize a
silver plate, vapour of mercury to bring out the
image, and common salt to fix the image.
http://timelines.ws September 2008
19 Aug 1839
France
At a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences
in Paris a new photographic process was
unveiled by Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre. He
"was able to capture images directly onto small,
silvered plates; and in England where William
Henry Fox invented what he called "photogenic
drawing." This process produced a negative
image on paper from which positive images
could be made... but it took more than an hour to
take a picture and the fuzzy prints were difficult to
see. The daguerreotype enabled the
photographer to create a highly detailed image.
The process consisted of polishing a copper
plate, using iodine to sensitize it, and developing
it over mercury after exposing it to light in a
camera. Daguerreotypes became so popular in
the United States that New York City boasted
more than 70 daguerreotype studios by 1850.
http://timelines.ws September 2008
1842
UK
The British astronomer and photographer, Sir
John Herschel, invents the cyanotype, a
photographic process that results in a cyan-blue
print.
http://www.historyofscience.com/G2I/timeline/
index.php July 2010
1843
Europe
The collection of photographs of criminals under
arrest began soon after the invention of
photography. Pheline cites examples from
Brussels in 1843, and 1844, Brimingham in 1850,
and the use of a photograph as legal evidence in
Lausanne in 1854.
Cinema and the invention of modern life, P.
24
1851
UK
Frederick Collier Bakewell (29 September 1800 -
26 September 1869) was an English physicist
who improved on the concept of the facsimile
machine introduced by Alexander Bain in 1842
and demonstrated a working laboratory version at
the 1851 World's Fair in London.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Bakew
ell July 2010
1873
France
The Paris prefecture crated an official
photographic service department in 1873.
Cinema and the invention of modern life, P.
24
1902
US
The `Photo-Secession`and the journal Camera
Work was set up in New York.
Blistène, History, P. 21
1913
Austria
At a 1913 conference in Vienna, Arthur Korn
demonstrated the first successful visual
telegraphic transmission of a cinematic
recording.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Korn_(phy
sicist) May 2011
1935
US
In 1935, Associated Press launched the
Wirephoto network, which allowed transmission
of news photographs over telephone lines on the
day they were taken.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_Pres
s May 2011
1936
US
The Photo League, committed to a documentary
photography allied to progressive political and
social movements, establishes a school in New
York under the directorship of Sid Grossman
(1913–1955) and begins publication of its
provocative journal Photo Notes. Among the
League’s projects is Harlem Document,
supervised by Aaron Siskind (1903–1991),
which records life in New York’s African-
American community. In the late 1940s, the
League is declared a “subversive” organization
by the U.S. Attorney General and many of its
members are blacklisted.
http://eartfair.com/blog/timeline-of-art-history-
united-states-canada
1940
Canada
The rise of the picture magazine also provided
an outlet for photojournalists. The Montreal
Standard and the Winnipeg New World were the
first to commission the photo essay in the 1940s.
Canadian Encyclopedia
1947
US
Dr. Edwin H. Land introduces a new camera,
which can produce a developed photographic
image in sixty seconds. Land will follow in the
1960's with a color model, and eventually receive
more than 500 patents for his innovations in light
and plastics technologies.
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA99/grogan/thes
is/Timeline2.html June 2009
1948
US
From RCA, the Ultrafax system can transmit one
million words per minute.
http://Www.mediahistory.umn.edu
1949
Germany
East German Zeiss develops the Contax S, first
SLR with an un-reversed image in a pentaprism
viewfinder
http://photo.net/history/timeline February
2011
31 May 1978
Germany
Hanna Hoch (b.1889), German photomontage
artist of the Berlin Dada movement, died. Her
work included "Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada
through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Epoch of
Germany," (1919-1920).
http://timelines.ws March 2007
10 Oct 1995
US
Reports state that Bill Gates has bought the
Bettmann Archive, which contains millions of
historical photographs.
Avasthi, Nineties, P. 787
Photography Timeline
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