Start Date
Place
Notes
Source
1400
Iraq
Timur (c.1336-1405) conquers Iraq. Mongols in
order to control the flow of political and military
information, try to eradicate the pigeon post
along with the rest of the Islamic communications
network.
http://www.ciolek.com/GLOBAL/1000.html#1
000s June 2010
Oct 1810
Portugal
Wellington's engineer, Col. Richard Fletcher
(1768-1813), builds for the fortification lines of
Torres Vedras, north of Lisbone, Portugal, two
networks of stationary optical telegraph. Five
semaphore stations, most likely of the type
devised in 1795 by George Murray, were placed
at intervals along the first line of redoubts, and
four in the second line. In favourable weather a
message could be passed across some 22
miles between the Atlantic and river Tagus
coasts in 7 minutes.
http://www.ciolek.com/GLOBAL/1800.html#1
800s June 2010
17 Sep 1894
US
Capt. W. A. Glassford, of US Signal Corps, and
a detachment of signal sergeants surpass the
previous world-record (125 miles) for long
distance optical communication by exchanging
heliograph signals between stations on Mount
Ellen, Utah, and Mount Uncompahgre, Colorado,
183 miles apart.
http://www.ciolek.com/GLOBAL/1800.html#1
800s June 2010
1917
US
Graham Act in US sanctions reduced
competition in telecommunications.
http://www.caslon.com October 2006
1918
US
The federal government took control of the
nation's telephone and telegraph systems.
http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu October 2006
1932
International
International Telecommunications Union.
http://www.caslon.com October 2006
1932
International
International Telecommunications Union.
http://www.caslon.com October 2006
1945
US
U.S. has 2,000 miles of coaxial cable.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2006
1947
International
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
becomes UN agency.
http://www.caslon.com June 2008
1947
UK
Nationalization of Cable and Wireless in UK.
http://www.caslon.com October 2008
1967
UK
Davies establishes UK National Physical Data
Laboratory Network.
http://www.caslon.com October 2008
1970
US
Corning Glass announces it has created a glass
fiber so clear that it can communicate pulses of
light. GTE and AT&T will soon begin experiments
to transmit sound and image data using fiber
optics, which will transform the communications
industry.
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA99/grogan/thes
is/Timeline2.html October 2009
1971
Europe
Commission of the European Community passes
resolution to create a network to be called
Euronet.
http://Iml.jou.ufl.edu/CARLSON June 2007
1972
International
The American-conceived Intelsat system was
launched this year, becoming a network and
controlling body for the world's communications
satellite system.
http://www.civilization.ca August 2006
1974
International
International Telecommunications Users Group
(INTUG) founded.
http://www.caslon.com August 2006
1978
France
CYCLADES network in France was closed.
http://www.caslon.com October 2006
1979
Europe
Euronet Diane (Direct Information Access
Network for Europe) opens late in the decade.
http://Iml.jou.ufl.edu/CARLSON June 2007
1981
UK
UK Government privatized Cable and Wireless.
http://www.caslon.com October 2006
1982
Europe
European Unix Network (EUNet) and European
Academic and Research Network (EARN)
established.
http://www.caslon.com October 2006
1983
US
The telephone companies nonetheless
experimented with interactive TV trials, though
these tests failed to produce more promising
results than those conducted by the cable
industry. In 1983, for example AT&T teamed up
with the Knight-Ridder publishing group to launch
a switched, two-way service called 'Viewtron,'
which provided mainly videotextt. A market test in
southern Florida produced abysmal results, adn
in 1986 AT&T walked away $50 million poorer.
Fraser, Free for All, P. 176
1984
US
US Federal Appeals Court legalizes nationwide
ATM networks.
http://www.caslon.com June 2008
1991
Canada
The federal government [in Canada] passed the
Telesat Canada Reorganization and Divestiture
Act, which divested ownership of Telesat
Canada to the private sector.
http://www.media-awareness.ca/english
August 2006
1993
Canada
CANARIE established in Canada.
http://www.caslon.com June 2007
1996
US
Created by the Telecommunications Act of 1996,
the E-rate program provides discounted
telecommunications services for schools and
libraries serving underprivileged students.
Encyclopedia of New Media, P. 166
1996
US
Telecommunication Reform Act [in US]: phone,
cable, broadcast companies compete.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2006
1997
Canada
The Final Report of the Information Highway
Advisory Council was released. The report,
entitled Preparing Canada for a Digital World,
recommended that a production tax credit similar
to the Canadian Film or Video Production Tax
Credit be established for multimedia production;
that a fund be established to support Canadian
multimedia industries; and that Canadian
advertising revenues support new media content
in the same way as they support established
media industries.
http://www.media-awareness.ca/english June
2006
1998
International
WTO Basic Telecommunications Agreement
(BTA) comes into force.
http://www.caslon.com June 2007
2000
Europe
EU Electronic Commerce Directive.
http://www.caslon.com June 2008
2001
International
Love Bug virus infects 45 million computers
worldwide.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu June 2007
2001
US
Comcast Corp announces merger with AT&T's
broadband unit on 19 December in a deal valued
at about $52 billion. The new company -- AT&T
Comcast Corp. -- will have about 22.3 million
subscribers.
http://www.commoncause.org January 2007
2002
Italy
Italian government sells stake in Telecom Italia.
http://www.caslon.com October 2007
10 Dec 2003
Switzerland
The World Summit on the Information Society
began a 3-day meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.
http://timelines.ws June 2007
2004
UK
UK Office of the e-Envoy replaced by Cabinet
Office e-government unit.
http://www.caslon.com June 2008
2004
US
Employers can use GPS tracking to see if
service workers are on the job.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu June 2008
27 Jun 2005
US
US Supreme Court confirms a ruling by the
Federal Communications Commission that cable
modems provide an information service rather
than telecommunications service. As such they
are not subject to common carrier regulations.
http://www.terramedia.co.uk August 2006
08 Nov 2005
Europe
The EU said Morocco will join its Galileo satellite
navigation program, becoming the first African
nation to participate in the project that aims to
rival the US' GPS system.
http://timelines.ws October 2007
28 Sep 2006
International
Belgian government officials said the transfer of
confidential banking records by a Belgium-based
company to US authorities for use in anti-
terrorism investigations breached Belgian and
likely European Union data privacy rules.
http://timelines.ws October 2007
2013
International
In early 2013, a small company called 03b
Networks plans to launch eight satellites capable
of offering low-cost Internet and cellphone service
to much of the developing world. 03b, which
refers to the 'other 3 billion people in the world
without reliable broadband access, said last
week that it has raised US$1.2 billion, enough to
put its first satellites into orbit.
Macleans Magazine, 27 December 2010
Telecommunications Timeline
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