Start Date
Place
Notes
Source
1972
UK
The BBC offers Ceefax [teletext], two-way cable
information system.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2006
1974
UK
In England, the BBC transmits Teletext data to
TV sets. (CEEFAX)
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu July 2006
1975
France
The creation of Minitel began in 1975, after it was
determined that only 60 percent of French homes
had telephones. To remedy this, President
D'Estang commissioned Simon Nora and Alain
Minc to issue a report on how to bring France
into the technology age. The visionary Nora-Minc
study recommended a program called
Telematique, which would merge computers and
communications technologies for France.
Volunteers were provided with free terminals,
keyboard and jacks that fit into telephone slots.
Encyclopedia of New Media, P. 316
1975
US
New Yorkers read Reuters news via teletext and
videotext on cable.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu July 2006
1978
Canada
The Telidon program began officially on August
15, 1978 and ended on March 31, 1985.
http://www.friendsofcrc.ca/Projects/Telidon/T
elidon.html Apr 2012
1978
Japan
In Japan, the Captain Videotext service begins
public tests.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu
1978
UK
In England, the start of a videotext and teletext
system called Oracle.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu July 2006
1979
UK
Prestel videotext provides data by television on
command in England.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2006
1981
UK
In England, Prestel videotext adds email service.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2006
1984
Spain
Spain: RTVE decides to adopt the British system
for teletext, but with 182 characters, so it can give
service to the four different languages spoken in
Spain.
http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/CARLSON/ October
2006
1985
Europe
European countries using teletext or videotex
include Austria, Belgium, France, Germany,
Denmark, Finland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway,
Spain and Sweden.
http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/CARLSON/
1985
France
France by 1985 had 800,000 videotex terminals.
There are more than a thousand services in
operation. Some 8 million calls are registered a
month. The services are accessible to the public
twenty-four hours a day. The number of daily
requests for information amounts to 1,700. Most
of them come from banks, insurance companies,
municipalities, chambers of commerce, the press,
information services industry and transport.
Ellul, Technological Bluff, P. 340.
1986
France
3 million Minitel terminals in use in France.
http://www.caslon.com June 2008
1989
France
With 5 million Minitels, France is the world's most
wired nation.
http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu August
2006
Dec 1994
France
France's Minitel service has 6.5m terminals and,
with Audiotel service, generated annual revenue
of Ff. 10,200m.
http://www.terramedia.co.uk October 2006
1995
France
French Minitel services became available
internationally via the Internet and World Wide
Web in May.
http://www.terramedia.co.uk August 2006
1997
Spain
Telefonica, then the only telephone company in
Spain, creates Ibertex, a videotex service. It can
connect with other countries using Teletel or
Prestel. Access is via a dedicated terminal or
installing a card in the computer.
http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/CARLSON/ October
2006
2000
France
According to the Wall Street Journal, $700 million
in connection fees were collected in 2000 by
Minitel; $280 million went to France TÚlÚcom, the
rest to the companies providing listed services. In
addition, the Wall Street Journal praised Minitel's
simple and secure billing structure. Unlike the
Web which requires a credit card, Minitel allows
users to pay for online services via their
telephone bills.
Encyclopedia of New Media, P. 317
Teletext Timeline
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